Chinese Jianzhan Teaware

Chinese Jianzhan teaware, also known as Jian ware, has a long and fascinating history dating back over 1000 years. Jianzhan teaware is a type of ceramic tea bowl that was first produced during the Song Dynasty (960-1279) in Jianyang, Fujian Province, China.

The Jianzhan tea bowl is known for its unique dark glaze, which is created by firing the bowl at a high temperature in a reducing atmosphere, which deprives the oxygen and results in the iron content of the clay oxidizing to a deep black color. The glaze also has a distinctive metallic luster, which is created by the interaction between the iron content in the clay and the reducing atmosphere in the kiln.

During the Song Dynasty, Jianzhan teaware was highly valued and was often used by the literati and scholars of the time. The tea bowls were also exported to Japan, where they became known as tenmoku bowls.

Over the centuries, the production of Jianzhan teaware has continued, with many skilled artisans refining the techniques and styles of the tea bowls. In addition to the classic dark glaze, Jianzhan teaware is also available in a variety of other colors and designs, including celadon and blue-and-white.

Today, Jianzhan teaware remains an important part of Chinese tea culture, and the tea bowls are often used in traditional tea ceremonies. They are prized for their beauty and the unique way they enhance the taste and aroma of the tea.