May 11, 2023
Shadow Puppets, also known as "shadow plays" or "lantern puppetry," are folk dramas that use animal skins or cardboard to create silhouettes of characters and perform stories. During the performance, the artists manipulate the actors behind a white curtain while telling the story using popular local tunes, accompanied by percussion instruments and string music, creating a strong local atmosphere. Its popularity is extremely wide, and various shadow puppetry plays are formed due to the different vocals performed in different regions.
Shadow puppetry is an ancient traditional Chinese folk art, commonly referred to as "donkey shadow puppetry" by the people of old Beijing. According to historical records, shadow puppetry began in the Western Han Dynasty, flourished in the Tang Dynasty, flourished in the Qing Dynasty, and spread to West Asia and Europe during the Yuan Dynasty. It can be said that it has a long history and a long history.
In 2011, Chinese shadow puppetry was selected as one of the representative works of human intangible cultural heritage.
In December 2018, the General Office of the Ministry of Education announced that Shanghai Theatre Academy would be the base for inheriting the excellent traditional Chinese culture of shadow puppetry.